National association for stock car auto racing history

Red Byron beat Marshall Teague in the Modified division race. Byron won the national championship. The race was held on June 19, and won by driver Jim Roper when Glenn Dunaway was disqualified after the discovery of his altered rear springs. Initially, the cars were known as the "Strictly Stock Division" and raced with virtually no modifications on the factory models. This division was renamed the "Grand National" division beginning in the season.

Over a period of more than a decade, modifications for both safety and performance were allowed, and by the mids, the vehicles were purpose-built race cars with a stock-appearing body.

Early in NASCAR's history, foreign manufacturers had shown interest in entering the series; the British car manufacturer, MG , found a few of its vehicles entered, with some placing. Since , the Cup Series season has consisted of 36 races over 10 months.

National Stock Car Racing Association - Wikipedia

Johnson has the record for most consecutive with five consecutive Cup Series drivers' championships from to Previously, the most consecutive championships had been three in a row by Cale Yarborough in the late s, the only other time when a driver has won three or more NASCAR Cup Series championships in a row. The Cup Series had its first title sponsor in As a result of that sponsorship, the Grand National Series became known as the Winston Cup Series starting in , [24] with a new points system and some significant cash benefits to compete for championship points. In , the season was shortened from 48 races including two on dirt tracks to The next competitive level, called Late Model Sportsman, gained the "Grand National" title passed down from the top division and soon found a sponsor in Busch Beer.

In , Nextel Communications took over sponsorship of the premier series from R. Reynolds , who had sponsored it as the Winston Cup from until , and formally renamed it the Nextel Cup Series. A new championship points system, the " Chase for the Nextel Cup ," renamed "Chase for the Sprint Cup" in was also developed, which reset the point standings with ten races to go, making only drivers in the top ten or within points of the leader eligible to win the championship. In , NASCAR announced it was expanding "The Chase" from ten to twelve drivers, eliminating the point cutoff, and giving a ten-point bonus to the top twelve drivers for each of the races they have won out of the first Wins throughout the season would also be awarded five more points than in previous seasons.

In , the premier series title name became the Sprint Cup Series, as part of the merger between Nextel and Sprint. In , NASCAR announced a number of major rules changes, the most significant being abandoning the points system from the bar napkin. The winner of a race now receives 43 points, with one-point decrements for each subsequent position 42 for second, 41 for third, and so on.

The winner also receives 3 bonus points, and single bonus points are awarded to all drivers who lead a lap, plus the driver who leads the most laps. Another significant change involves the qualifying process for the Chase. The number of qualifying drivers will remain at 12, but only the top 10 will qualify solely on regular-season points. The remaining two Chase drivers will be the two drivers in the next 10 of the point standings 11th through 20th with the most race wins in the regular season. In , NASCAR announced another revamp to the Chase format, expanding the Chase pool to 16 drivers, and eliminating four drivers after every three races, leaving four drivers to compete for the championship at the season finale at Homestead.

In addition, wins were given an increased emphasis, with the 16 drivers with the most wins 15 if the points leader is winless; points leader will receive an automatic berth gaining a spot in the chase. If there are fewer than 16 winners, the remaining spots will be filled based on the conventional points system. The most recent series champion is Tyler Reddick in The modern incarnation of this series began in , with sponsorship by Anheuser-Busch Brewing 's Budweiser brand.

The Anheuser-Busch sponsorship expired at the end of , being replaced by Nationwide Insurance from to , and the series is now sponsored by Comcast through its Xfinity brand. However, over the last several years, a number of Cup Series drivers have run both the Xfinity and Cup Series events each weekend, using the Xfinity race as a warm-up to the Cup event at the same facility.

How American Moonshiners Paved the Way for NASCAR

Kevin Harvick was the first Cup series driver to compete full-time in the Busch Series and win a title, actually doing so twice; in , he did this for Richard Childress Racing but only did so out of necessity as Dale Earnhardt 's death forced him into the Cup series ahead of RCR's intended schedule for him.

The practice received criticism because it was thought to give the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series teams an unfair advantage, and that the presence of the Cup Series drivers squeezes out Nationwide Series competitors who would otherwise be able to qualify. These dual-series drivers have been labeled " Buschwhackers ", a play on words which combines the original series sponsor's name with the notion of being bushwhacked. One of the most often-cited proposals was for Cup Series drivers participating in the Nationwide Series to receive no points for their participation in a Nationwide race.

In , the Chase format was extended to both the Xfinity and Truck Series. Instead of the four-round, race format used in the Cup Series, the Chase in each of the two supporting series consists of three rounds and seven races in all, with each preliminary round consisting of three races. Four drivers are eliminated at the end of each preliminary round of the Chase in the Xfinity Series, which also mirrors the Cup Series Chase. This means that four drivers are eligible for the series title entering the final race, as in the Cup Series. Even with restrictions limiting points earnings to one national series, Cup drivers were still running and winning a vast majority of Xfinity series races through Starting in , Cup drivers with more than 5 years of experience in the Cup series will be limited to 7 Xfinity races per season.

Further, Cup playoff qualifiers from the previous season are not allowed to compete in some Xfinity races and there will be restrictions on owner point earning by Cup drivers. The most recent series champion is Brett Moffitt in ; it was Moffitt's first championship in the series. The first series race followed in In addition, veteran drivers who have had only moderate success at the other two levels of the sport have revitalized their careers in the truck series, including Ron Hornaday Jr. Beginning in , the series became the Camping World Truck Series. As noted previously, the Chase format was extended to the Truck Series in The format is identical to that used in the Xfinity Series, except that only eight drivers qualify for the Chase instead of 12 in the Xfinity Series and only two drivers are eliminated at the end of each preliminary round instead of four in the Xfinity Series.

Oh no, there's been an error

As in both the Cup Series and Xfinity Series, four drivers are eligible for the series title entering the final race. The contract through is scheduled to continue as planned. Fitzpatrick and D. The cars are a bit different from the cars seen in America, being more akin to a late model , though steel tube-framed silhouette bodies powered by V8 engines is still the norm.

Many local race tracks across the United States and Canada run under the Whelen All-American Series banner, where local drivers are compared against each other in a formula where the best local track champion of the nation wins the Whelen All-American Weekly Series National Championship. The Whelen All-American series is split into four car divisions as well as state and track championships separately. Each division champion receives a point-fund money payout and even more goes to the National champion driver with most points out of the four division winners.

The east division was originally divided into the Busch North series, which raced in Northeastern states, and the Busch East Series, which raced throughout Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic states. The west division was originally known as the Winston West Series and raced throughout Southwestern and Coastal Pacific states. In , the series came together in east and west divisions under sponsorship from Camping World as the Camping World Series.

In , NASCAR standardized rules for its AutoZone Elite and Grand National divisions regional touring series as to permit cars in one series to race against cars in another series in the same division. This event has been hosted at Irwindale Speedway in California since its inception. Although NASCAR frequently publicizes the safety measures it mandates for drivers, these features have historically only been adopted long after they were initially developed, and only in response to an injury or fatality. The impact-absorbing " SAFER Barrier " that is now in use had been proposed by legendary mechanic Smokey Yunick during the s, but his idea had been dismissed as too expensive and unnecessary.

Other examples of available safety features that were slow to be implemented include the mandating of a throttle "kill switch".

NASCAR’s Inherent Risks

The "kill switch" was mandated after the death of Adam Petty, along with the requirements of an anti-spill bladder in fuel cells. Fire-retardant driver suits were required only after the death of Fireball Roberts , who died from complications of burns suffered in a crash when flames engulfed his car during a Charlotte race. The car has a higher roof, wider cockpit, and the driver seat was located more toward the center of the vehicle.

Recently, the increased number of Cup drivers competing consistently in the Xfinity Series races has been hotly debated. Another general area of criticism, not only of NASCAR but other motorsports as well, includes questions about fuel consumption, [46] emissions and pollution , and the use of lead additives in the gasoline. Most recently, NASCAR has been challenged on the types and frequency of caution flags, with some critics [49] [50] [51] suggesting the outcome of races is being manipulated, and that the intention is not safety, as NASCAR claims, but closer racing.

There have been a few accidents involving fans during races and even some off the tracks, but no spectator has ever been killed during a race in an accident relating to the race, [52] [53] [54] although a fan was killed by a lightning strike in after the Pennsylvania at Pocono was called short due to the storm. There has been talk of possible expansion with exhibition races in Japan and a return to Canada.

follow Expanding into international markets could increase NASCAR's popularity and allow foreign sponsors and manufacturers to get involved in the sport. While NASCAR had extended Turner's contract to operate the site through , the association announced in January that it would take operation of the site back in-house in The company is a subsidiary of NASCAR and produces programs designed to promote the sport of professional stock car racing.

Full Race Replay: 500 from Talladega Superspeedway

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